Please enable JavaScript to display the menu.
Fujitsu Micro 7 Series
D77ToRS232C: Disk Image Burning Utility

ysflight.com

[Introduction]

DISCLAIMER: If you want to try this program, do it on your own risks. I won't take any responsibilities for the consequences.

If you are interested in owning and keeping a Fujitsu FM-7/77 series 8-bit computer, still a working unit is very often on Yahoo auction. Now a service called buyee.jp (https://buyee.jp) bit, pay, and forward the item on behalf of you. It is possible to own a piece of Japanese computer history.

But, the problem is how to get a working floppy disk. If you have a disk image that you want to play on an actual unit, the options are limited.

You can stream disk image via audio-cassette interface. To do so, you need to fabricate or somehow get a audio-cassette interface cable for FM-7/77. The bad news is FM-7 and FM-77 use different connector. It is very difficult to find an audio-cassette interface cable for FM-77.

Let's say somehow you fabricated or acquired one. Then, you need to play .WAV file on your PC and feed it to FM-7/77. The problem is some PCs works fine, but some don't. My 2008 MacBook Pro and Dell XPS desktop work fine. I play .WAV file at max volume, and my FM-7/77 have no problem recognizing it. All of my ThinkPads doesn't. Also a new Dell desktop that came to my desk this year doesn't work, either. I have a feeling that you have less than 50% chance that your PC can play .WAV file loud enough for FM-7/77.

Or, if you happens to have a rare software title for FM-7/77 and want to make an image for back up. There used to be a DOS tool called DITT.exe. But, it runs on DOS. In my environment, it didn't run on DOS for Windows 95 installation. It really needs to be a pure DOS. There is another tool called NDITT.exe that runs on Windows XP. However, this tool fails to recognize sectors with altered CHRN for copy protection. If it at least reads sector data and writes to the image file, you can look into it and find how the copy protection worked. It's also a piece of history. After many failures from NDITT, I wrote a program called RAWREAD that captures a disk image on actual FM-7/77 and transfer to a PC via a serial cable.  For me, I have already transferred the program to a 3.5 inch floppy, but for you, you somehow need to write to a 3.5 inch 2D floppy disk that can be recognized by FM-7/77.

What about transferring a disk image to actual FM-7/77 via serial connection? Sure. It can be done. But, FM-7 series PCs, before FM77AV20/40, does not have on-board serial RS232C port. It is virtually impossible to find an original Fujitsu RS232C expansion card for FM-7/77. But, now we can fabricate it.

So, to free FM-7/77 series computers from isolation, I wrote a disk-image server that runs on Windows, and a client that runs on FM-7/77 and write an image to a disk.

[Download]

With other utilities.

[Source Codes]

https://github.com/captainys/public/tree/master/src/FM7/util

[Salmon or Ikura Problem]

So you set up your FM-77 with RS232C card. Your floppy drive is working in perfect condition. You have a serial cross-cable. If you can run this client on actual FM-7, you are good to burn D77 disk images into actual disks.

But, how can you transfer the client program to an actual FM-7/77? Once you have a client, no problem, you can transfer a D77 image with the client to FM-7/77, but to transfer the image, you need a client. You get stuck in a situation known as salmon and ikura. (Was it chicken and egg?)

So, for the first step, you need to write a very short F-BASIC program to make a disk with RS232C utilities (including the client program). Follow the steps below.

(1) Connect your FM-7/77 and a PC with a RS232C (serial) cross cable

First of all, you need to physically connect your FM-7/77 and a PC. Make sure to use a serial cross cable. Not a straight cable. Or, you can use a straight cable plus a null-modem adapter. But, the straight cable alone won't give you a disk.

If you somehow own a Fujitsu original RS232C expansion card for FM-7, make sure you turn on only dip switches #5 and #6. All other switches must be off. In particular, after Carnegie Mellon Computer Club looked at the original card, they concluded that there is a good chance of burning a chip if you turn on multiple of dip switch #1 to #5. Make sure #1 to #4 are all off, and #5 is on. Or, if you fabricated from the schematic, make sure you put a jumper only on JP5.

This way, you will have 19200bps connection.

(1.5) Enable RS232C if you are using FM77AV20/40 or newer model.

FM77AV20/40 and newer models come with an onboard RS232C connector. But the RS232C is default off. To enable RS232C from F-BASIC, you need to type:

POKE &HFD0C,5
POKE &HFD0B,16
EXEC -512

And wait for 10 or 20 seconds until the unit restarts. This step is only necessary if you want to use a serial connection from F-BASIC (and you need F-BASIC for making the fisrt utility disk.). Once you have a utility disk, you don't have to do it again.

(2) Start server

On Windows PC, go to command prompt, and change directory to the location where you store the server (D77Server.exe), and type:

.\D77Server "####UTILDISK####" 3 -fbasic

The second parameter "####UTILDISK####" means the built-in utility-disk image.  "3" is the serial port number, so you need to change it according to your environment.

(3) Type the following program on FM-7/77

100 CLEAR ,&H17FF:DEFINT A-Z:WIDTH 80,25:A=&H1800
110 OPEN "I",#1,"COM0:(F8N1)"
120 OPEN "O",#2,"COM0:(F8N1)":PRINT #2,"REQCLI":CLOSE #2
130 INPUT #1,D$:PRINT ".";
140 POKE A,VAL("&H"+D$):A=A+1
150 IF LEFT$(D$,1)<>"Q" THEN 130
160 ' POKE &H1802,0
170 EXEC &H1800

then type:

RUN

to start the program.  It receives about 2.5KB program from the Windows PC. In this case, F-BASIC does not run fast enough to take full advantage of 19200bps. It would take about a minute to receive all the bytes.

Once it is done, insert a raw 3.5inch 2D or 2DD (they are really the same thing) disk in Drive 1, and press key. The bootable utility disk will be created.

Then, move the disk to Drive 0 and reset. You'll boot into Disk BASIC (F-BASIC with disk extension.)

[Usage]

Once you create a bootable utility disk, it is easy to burn a D77 image to an actual disk.

(1) Connect your FM-7/77 and a PC with a RS232C (serial) cross cable

Just same as I described in Salmon or Ikura Problem section.

(2) Start the server

On Windows PC, start a server like:

d77server.exe diskimage.d77 0

Replace "0" with the com-port number.

If you are dealing with a multi-disk D77 file, start like:

d77server.exe diskimage.d77@1 0

The number following @ is a zero-based index to your disk in the file.

You can add following options:

-fbasic

Burn a F-BASIC disk. The program identifies unused tracks and will not send sector dump of such tracks.

-noquit

If you want to burn multiple disks from a same image, add this option, and the server will not quit after transmitting a disk image.

-renumfx

Software titles for FM-7/77 series computer very often used a sector number 0xF5, 0xF6, or 0xF7 since its floppy-disk controller could not create such sector numbers with a normal procedure. The client program cannot either. In that situation if this option is specified, the server converts F5, F6, and F7 sectors into E5, E6, and E7 sectors respectively.

-deldupsec

Apparently DITT.EXE and NDITT.EXE often create duplicate sectors with the same content, which will be a problem when writing to an actual disk. This option will check and remove such duplicate sectors before sending image to the client.

-h, -help, -?

Show help.

(3) Start the client

On FM-7/77 computer, boot from the utility disk, and type:

CLEAR ,&H17FF
LOADM "D7CLIENT",,R

to start the client. By default, the disk will be written to Drive 1. If you need to write to Drive 0 for some reason,

CLEAR ,&H17FF
LOADM "D7CLIENT"
POKE &H1802,0
EXEC

type those four lines.

If the disk is free of copy protection, you should be able to run the software title on the actual FM-7/77.

Good luck!

Comments are welcome.  Send E-Mail to: 

Back to http://www.ysflight.com